2、This Vatican Council declares that the human person has a right to religious freedom.This freedom means that all men are to be immune from coercion on the part of individuals or of social groups and of any human power， in such wise that no one is to be forced to act in a manner contrary to his own beliefs，whether privately or publicly，whether alone or in association with others within due limits.
??? The council further declares that the right to religious freedom has its foundation in the very dignity of the human person as this dignity is known through the revealed word of God and by reason itself.This right of the human person to religious freedom is to be recognized in the constitutional law hereby society is governed and thus it is to become a civil right.
??? It is in accordance with their dignity as persons -- that is，beings endowed with reason and free will and therefore privileged to bear personal responsibility--that all men should be at once impelled by nature and also bound by a moral obligation to seek the truth，especially religious truth。 They are also bound to adhere to the truth，once it is known，and to order their whole lives in accord with the demands of truth. However，men cannot discharge these obligations in a manner in keeping with their own nature unless they enjoy immunity from external coercion as well as psychological freedom. Therefore the right to religious freedom has its foundation not in the subjective disposition of the person， but in his very nature。 In consequence， the right to this immunity continues to exist even in those who do not live up to their obligation of seeking the truth and adhering to it and the exercise of this right is not to be impeded， provided that just public order be observed.
6、Since the common welfare of society consists in the entirety of those conditions of social life under which men enjoy the possibility of achieving their own perfection in a certain fullness of measure and also with some relative ease，it chiefly consists in the protection of the rights，and in the performance of the duties，of the human person. Therefore the care of the right to religious freedom devolves upon the whole citizenry，upon social groups， upon government，and upon the Church and other religious communities， in virtue of the duty of all toward the common welfare，and in the manner proper to each.
??? The protection and promotion of the inviolable rights of man ranks among the essential duties of government. Therefore government is to assume the safeguard of the religious freedom of all its citizens，in an effective manner，by just laws and by other appropriate means.
??? Government is also to help create conditions favorable to the fostering of religious life，in order that the people may be truly enabled to exercise their religious rights and to fulfill their religious duties，and also in order that society itself may profit by the moral qualities of justice and peace which have their origin in men's faithfulness to God and to His holy will.
??? If，in view of peculiar circumstances obtaining among peoples，special civil recognition is given to one religious community in the constitutional order of society，it is at the same time imperative that the right of all citizens and religious communities to religious freedom should be recognized and made effective in practice.
??? Finally，government is to see to it that equality of citizens before the law， which is itself an element of the common good，is never violated，whether openly or covertly，for religious reasons。 Nor is there to be discrimination among citizens.
??? It follows that a wrong is done when government imposes upon its people， by force or fear or other means，the profession or repudiation of any religion， or when it hinders men from joining or leaving a religious community.All the more is it a violation of the will of God and of the sacred rights of the person and the family of nations when force is brought to bear in any way in order to destroy or repress religion，either in the whole of mankind or in a particular country or in a definite community.